From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
History of Drugs in America Photo: King Charles II
King Charles II, who tried to close coffeehouses in 1675 with his Proclamation for the Suppression of Coffee Houses; a week later, he had to rescind his order. Painting by Sir Peter Lely, circa 1675. Public domain.