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Ronald Reagan (1911-2004) was a Hollywood actor turned politician, who served as governor of California from 1967 to 1975, and then as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989. A Roosevelt Democrat in his younger days, Reagan converted to conservatism during the 1950s and became the beloved standard-bearer of the Republican Party in the late twentieth century.

In September 1986, President Ronald Reagan and First Lady Nancy Reagan launched a "national crusade" against drug abuse behind the slogan, "Just Say No." Two months later, he signed into law the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986, creating mandatory minimum sentences for drug crimes and leading to a massive increase in the number of people incarcerated in federal prisons.

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