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by James Joyce

Analysis: Allusions

When authors refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.

Literary and Philosophical References

Historical References

  • Jeremiah O'Donovan (Araby.5)
  • Saint Mary-Margaret Alacoque (Eveline.3). A 17th-century French nun.
  • Charles Parnell (Ivy Day in the Committee Room.174-75, 82, 201)
  • Edward VII (Ivy Day in the Committee Room. 44,46, 51, 79)
  • Henry Charles Sirr (Ivy Day in the Committee Room.95). Chief of Police of Dublin, he sided with the English against Ireland in an uprising. It's like being the Benedict Arnold of Ireland. 
  • Mrs Pat Campbell, a contemporary actress in England (A Mother.55)
  • Jesuits (Grace.155-171) 
  • Thomas Nicholas Burke, An Irish monk known for his speaking ability and his support of Irish nationalism. (Grace.182-94)
  • Pope Leo XIII (Pope from 1878 to 1903). (Grace.191, 209-229)
  • Pope Pius IX (Pope from 1846 to 1878) (Grace.214)
  • Johann Döllinger, a German theologian who opposed papal infallibility. (Grace.249-51,259-60)
  • John MacHale (Grace.251-58)
  • Sir John Gray (owned the Freeman's Journal and supported Irish Home Rule)
  • Edmund Dwyer Gray (Sir John Gray's son)
  • Duke of Wellington (XV)
  • Enrico Caruso (XV)
  • Daniel O'Connell (XV)

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