In the eyes of famous cartoonist Thomas Nast, blacks and Irish are equal... and equally stereotyped.
California Workingman's Party ticket, Santa Cruz County, California, 1878. Note the crude "Chinese Must Go!" cartoon atop the ticket.
Workingman's Party mob outside San Francisco City Hall, 1877. "No Chinese!" reads the placard at left.
Denis Kearney, leader of the California Workingmen's Party.
A Know-Nothing Flag from the 1850s. "Native American" in this context means not "Indian" but rather "native-born white citizen."
Ex-President Millard Fillmore runs for president on the Know-Nothing ticket in 1856. Note the slogan at bottom: "I know nothing but my Country, my whole Country, and nothing but my Country."
Police evict starving Irish tenant farmers from their land during the Great Famine
Chinese immigrant workers build the transcontinental railroad.