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Early American Immigration

Early American Immigration

Early American Immigration Statistics

By the Numbers

Population of Europe in 1800: About 200 million
Population of Europe in 1900: About 400 million
Estimated emigration from Europe between 1800 and 1900: About 70 million
Proportion of European emigrants bound for the United States: About half1

Immigrants to the United States during the 1820s: 150,000
Immigrants to the United States during the 1830s: 600,000
Immigrants to the United States during the 1840s: 1.7 million
Immigrants to the United States during the 1850s: 2.6 million
Immigrants to the United States during the 1860s: 2.3 million
Immigrants to the United States during the 1870s: 2.8 million
Immigrants to the United States during the 1880s: 5.2 million2

Foreign-born population of the United States in 1850: 2.2 million
Foreign-born population of the United States in 1870: 5.6 million3

Chinese population of the United States in 1850: 758
Chinese population of the United States in 1860: 35,565
Chinese population of the United States in 1870: 64,565
Chinese population of the United States in 1880: 104,468
Chinese population of the United States in 1890: 106,688
Chinese population of the United States in 1900: 81,534
Chinese population of the United States in 1910: 56,756
Chinese population of the United States in 1920: 43,5604

Chinese proportion of Central Pacific Railroad workforce in 1867: 90%5

Proportion of American population born abroad in 1850: 9.7%
Proportion of American population born abroad in 1860: 13.2%
Proportion of American population born abroad in 1870: 14.4%
Proportion of American population born abroad in 1880: 13.3%
Proportion of American population born abroad in 1890: 14.8%6

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