Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
by Thomas Gray
Stanza 31 Summary
Get out the microscope, because we’re going through this poem line-by-line.
Large was his bounty, and his soul sincere,
Heav'n did a recompense as largely send:
He gave to Mis'ry all he had, a tear,
He gain'd from Heav'n ('twas all he wish'd) a friend.
- He might have had humble beginnings, but he did pretty well for himself—he was generous and sincere, and Heaven paid him back (sent a "recompense") for those good qualities.
- The speaker gave everything he had to his depression, or (as personified here) Misery—in other words, his tears.
- But Heaven gave him something pretty awesome: a friend.
- Fun fact: The speaker's probably referring to his BFF, Richard West (see the "In a Nutshell" section for more on that).