© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.
Ellis Island Era Immigration

Ellis Island Era Immigration

Ellis Island Era Immigration Primary Sources

Historical documents. What clues can you gather about the time, place, players, and culture?

"The New Colossus"

Emma Lazarus's poem, "The New Colossus," as inscribed upon the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty.

"Unguarded Gates"

Thomas Bailey Aldrich's poem, "Unguarded Gates," an anti-immigrant counter to Emma Lazarus's "The New Colussus" published in 1895.

Census Data

Historical statistics on the foreign-born population of the United States

Sacco & Vanzetti On Trial

Testimony from the trial of Sacco and Vanzetti.

Chinese Exclusion

The 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act.

Immigration Restriction

Emergency Quota Act of 1921.

National Origins Act

Immigration Act of 1924.

"I Willingly Became An Ox"

Poems carved into the walls of the Angel Island Immigration Station barracks by Chinese detainees.

Workers' Revolution?

Leaflet issued by the Industrial Workers of the World during the 1919 Seattle General Strike, urging workers to follow the example of the Russian Revolution.

How The Other Half Lives

Jacob Riis's How the Other Half Lives, a pioneering work of photojournalism (published 1890) that chronicled conditions of life in New York's immigrant slums in the 1880s.

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...