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Equal Protection Concepts
The big picture: What you need to know and why.
Equality and the Constitution
"All men are created equal" is in the Declaration of Independence, not the ConstitutionThe word "equality" does not appear anywhere in the Constitution14th Amendment guarantees "equal protection of...
State Discrimination and Private Discrimination
14th Amendment does not empower federal government to stop private acts of discrimination14th Amendment does require federal governments to stop state governments and their employees from discrimin...
Equal protection does not require government to treat all people exactly the same; laws can draw legitimate distinctions between different groups of peopleBasic review (Lindsley test): Are classifi...
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