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Equal Protection Images

Women Warriors

Female cadets greet Vice President Dick Cheney at the Virginia Military Institute. Their admission to the formerly all-male military school was made possible through United States v. Virginia.

Welcome to VMI

One of the Virginia Military Institute's first female cadets, Megan Smith, endures the "ethos-building" welcome of upper classmen.

Reverse Discrimination?

Allan Bakke, the white applicant who challenged the University of California, Davis Medical School's affirmative action policies.

Lawrence v. Texas

Tyron Garner and John Geddes Lawrence, the successful petitioners in Lawrence v. Texas, the landmark Supreme Court case that struck down the state's "Homosexual Conduct law.

Historic Victory

George E.C. Hayes, Thurgood Marshall, and James Nabrit celebrate the Court's ruling in Brown v. Board of Education. Marshall, chief counsel for the NAACP, later would become the first African-American justice on the United States Supreme Court.

Earl Warren

Chief Justice Earl Warren, author of the Supreme Court's opinion in Brown v. Board of Education.

Historic Wedding

Mayor Gavin Newsom presides over the marriage of Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon in 2008.

"Our Constitution is Color-blind"

In Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court decision that established the doctrine of "separate but equal," Justice John Marshall Harlan wrote an inspiring dissent: "Our Constitution is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens. In respect of civil rights, all citizens are equal before the law."_CITATION74_

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