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Roots of Common Terms in Eukaryotes

Roots

L = Latin; G = Greek

Autotroph

(G) autos = Self, (G) trophe = nourishing

Chloroplast

(G) chloros = Green (G) plastis = the one who forms

Cilium

(L) Cilia = eyelash

Endosymbiotic

(G) endon = within (G) syn = together (G) biosis = living

Eukaryote

(G) eu = good (G) karyon = kernel

Heterotroph

(G) heteros = another (G) trophe = nourishing

Multicellular

(L) multus = many

Nucleus

(L) nucleus = kernel

Organelle

(L) organula = little organ

Photosynthesis

(G) photo = light (G) synthesis = putting together

Prokaryote

(G) pro = before (G) Karyon = kernel

Pseudopodia

(G) pseudo = fake (G) podia = Feet

Unicellular

(L) Uni = one

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