In this text, Fate is synonymous with God and Nature while a person’s free will has much to do with his decisions and his faith. Ambitious or powerful men try to take their destinies into their own hands while less powerful men usually trust to the essential goodness of the world. Faith is not always a religious concept, but simple trust in some concept. Certain acts defy God or take His mercy too much for granted and such sinners are punished. Thus, man’s choices can indeed affect his destiny, but only within the rules that God writes. Prayer is characterized as the most direct way of trying to change one’s destiny.
The novel demonstrates that destiny and chance overpower any individual choice that Janie makes; her life is ruled by things completely outside of her control.
The novel demonstrates that free will and choice can overcome the constraints placed on an individual by chance; the choices Janie makes ultimately shape her character more than predestination does.