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Fathers and Sons

Fathers and Sons

  

by Ivan Turgenev

Analysis: Allusions

When authors refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.

Literary and Philosophical References

  • Pushkin, Eugene Onegin (3.63)
  • Galignani (English Journal) (4.36)
  • Hegelians, nihilists (5.62)
  • Schiller, Goethe, German materialist philosophers (6.20)
  • Justus Freiherr von Liebig, German chemist (6.29)
  • K.P. Masalsk, The Streltsy (8.24)
  • Ludwig Buchner, Stoff und Kraft(German materialist philosopher) (10.11)
  • Pushkin, The Gypsies (10.19)
  • Biblical Elijah (10.74)
  • Raphael's Girl at the Fountain (10.108)
  • Francois Pierre Guillaume Guizot, French statesman and man of letters (12.1)
  • Sophia Yurevna Svyetchin, mystical writer (12.1)
  • Etienne Bonnot Condillac, French writer on logic, psychology, economic science (12.1)
  • James Fenimoore Cooper's Pathfinder (13.26)
  • Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French anarchist (13.48)
  • Michelet, De l'amour (13.62)
  • Pelous and Fremy, Notions generales de Chimie (17.27)
  • Christophe Wilhelm Hufeland, German physicist (20.17)
  • Johann Lukas Schonlein, German physicist (20.46)
  • Theophrastus Bombast von Hohenheim, Swiss physicist, chemist, natural philosopher (20.58)
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (21.3)
  • Castor and Pollux (21.125)
  • Lotharios (23.79)
  • Ann Ward Radcliffe (24.99)

Historical References

  • Revolutions of 1848 (1.8)
  • Emancipation of the Serfs (2.37, 28.9)
  • Louis-Philippe, Duke of Wellington (7.11)
  • 1812 Russian campaign against the French (8.23)
  • Alexander I (10.45)
  • Mongolia (10.104)
  • Louis Bourdaloue, orator and professor (13.20)
  • M. Speransky, Russian statesman given to westernizing tendencies (16.10)
  • Prince Wittgenstein, Southern Army of 1814 (20.54)
  • Napoleon III, the Italian Question (20.63)
  • Prince Alexander Suvorov's retreat (21.46)
  • Rights of the Baltic barons (23.1)

Pop Culture References

  • Schubert's Expectation for cello (9.49)
  • Seymour Schiff, Granada lies slumbering (13.67)
  • Mozart's Sonata Fantasia in C minor (16.68)
  • Meyerbeer's Robert le Diable (21.37)

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