From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.
Fathers and Sons
by Ivan Turgenev
Analysis: Allusions When authors refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.
Literary and Philosophical References Pushkin, (3.63) Eugene Onegin Galignani (English Journal) (4.36) Hegelians, nihilists (5.62) Schiller, Goethe, German materialist philosophers (6.20) Justus Freiherr von Liebig, German chemist (6.29) K.P. Masalsk, The Streltsy (8.24) Ludwig Buchner, (German materialist philosopher) (10.11) Stoff und Kraft Pushkin, The Gypsies (10.19) Biblical Elijah (10.74) Raphael's Girl at the Fountain (10.108) Francois Pierre Guillaume Guizot, French statesman and man of letters (12.1) Sophia Yurevna Svyetchin, mystical writer (12.1) Etienne Bonnot Condillac, French writer on logic, psychology, economic science (12.1) James Fenimoore Cooper's Pathfinder (13.26) Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French anarchist (13.48) Michelet, De l'amour (13.62) Pelous and Fremy, Notions generales de Chimie (17.27) Christophe Wilhelm Hufeland, German physicist (20.17) Johann Lukas Schonlein, German physicist (20.46) Theophrastus Bombast von Hohenheim, Swiss physicist, chemist, natural philosopher (20.58) Jean-Jacques Rousseau (21.3) Castor and Pollux (21.125) Lotharios (23.79) Ann Ward Radcliffe (24.99) Historical References Revolutions of 1848 (1.8) Emancipation of the Serfs (2.37, 28.9) Louis-Philippe, Duke of Wellington (7.11) 1812 Russian campaign against the French (8.23) Alexander I (10.45) Mongolia (10.104) Louis Bourdaloue, orator and professor (13.20) M. Speransky, Russian statesman given to westernizing tendencies (16.10) Prince Wittgenstein, Southern Army of 1814 (20.54) Napoleon III, the Italian Question (20.63) Prince Alexander Suvorov's retreat (21.46) Rights of the Baltic barons (23.1) Pop Culture References Schubert's Expectation for cello (9.49) Seymour Schiff, Granada lies slumbering (13.67) Mozart's Sonata Fantasia in C minor (16.68) Meyerbeer's Robert le Diable (21.37)
People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...