From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
Supreme Court Justice Owen J. Roberts, who flip-flopped so that a majority of the court would be in support of FDR's New Deal policies, shown with Atlee Pomerene on February 19, 1924. National Photo Company Collection photo. Public domain.