From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
President Lyndon B. Johnson signing the Medicare Bill alongside former President Harry S. Truman on 30 July 1965. The Social Security Act and the Medicare Bill that accompanied it were part of Johnson's Great Society Program, which greatly expanded the federal bureaucracy. Public domain.