From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
Michigan artist Alfred Castagne sketching Works Progress Administration (WPA) construction workers in 1939. During the Great Depression, President Franklin Roosevelt expanded the federal bureaucracy. Photograph from the National Archives. Public domain.