From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
We have changed our privacy policy. In addition, we use cookies on our website for various purposes. By continuing on our website, you consent to our use of cookies. You can learn about our practices by reading our privacy policy.
© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.



by Isaac Asimov


Character Role Analysis

Ligne Chen; Prince Regent Wienis; Jorane Sutt& Publius Manlio

Ligne Chen

Ligne Chen isn't the type of antagonist who has a giant freeze ray he'll turn on the world unless he's paid one billion dollars. (Unfortunately. We love song and dance.) Nope, he's simply a politician. When Seldon starts discussing the end of the Galactic Empire, Chen puts himself in opposition to Seldon's plan. Why? Because he works for the Galactic Empire, and the end of civilization would be bad for business. Simple as that.

War Pig

Okay, now Wienis is a war pig and the closest Foundation gets to the freeze ray antagonist. The Foundation has political power and technological advancements, and Wienis wants both, and he wants to get it one way: war. Hardin is against the idea of war with Foundation (go figure), so Wienis and he are in conflict, hence: protagonist and antagonist.

Manlio & Sutt

Wow. When you put their names together like that, they just sound like a bad afternoon cartoon show. But they're actually the antagonists of "The Merchant Princes," a.k.a. the guys in conflict with Mallow. These guys try to frame Mallow as a traitor to weaken the Traders on Foundation.

Why? Because the Traders, whom Mallow represents, have become too powerful, and Manilo and Sutt don't want the competition. Unfortunately for them, Mallow's a smart cookie, and Seldon's Plan doesn't seem to work in their favor. Sorry, fellas.