Franny and Zooey takes a look at typical American culture in the 1950s through the eyes of those who strongly oppose it. From their vantage point of self-imposed social isolation, siblings Franny and Zooey Glass criticize the egotism, materialism, and shallowness of American culture. Popularized ideas such as Freud's theories of psychotherapy are criticized. The typical American college coed is practically villainized. Commercialism is mocked, and even American education is ridiculed. The novel also takes a look at celebrity – more specifically, child celebrities – and calls into question its possibly detrimental effects.
Franny and Zooey negatively portrays American culture.
Franny and Zooey at first seems to condemn American culture, but in its conclusion portrays it positively.