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Free Speech

Free Speech

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Home Civics Free Speech Citations

Free Speech Learning Guide: Citations

Sources we cite in Free Speech

1 Sedition Act of 1798, available online at: http://www.constitution.org/rf/sedition_1798.htm.
2 Sedition Act of 1918, available online at: http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1345.html.
3 The Smith Act, available online at: http://1stam.umn.edu/main/historic/Smith1940.htm.
4 Schenck v. United States, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/249/47/case.html.
5 Yates v. United States, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/354/298/case.html.
6 Brandenburg v. Ohio, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/395/444/case.html.
7 Miller v. California, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/413/15/case.html.
8 Tinker v. Des Moines, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/393/503/case.html.
9 Bethel School District v. Fraser, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/478/675/case.html.
10 Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/484/260/case.html.
11 Abrams v. United States, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/250/616/case.html.
12 Bethel School District v. Fraser, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/478/675/case.html.
13 Brandenburg v. Ohio, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/395/444/case.html.
14 Bridges v. California, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/314/252/index.html.
15 Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/315/568/case.html.
16 The Smith Act, available online at: http://1stam.umn.edu/main/historic/Smith1940.htm.
17 Dennis v. United States, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/341/494/case.html.
18 Sedition Act of 1918, available online at: http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1345.html.
19 Ginzburg v. United States, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/383/463/case.html.
20 Gitlow v. New York, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/268/652/case.html.
21 Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/484/260/case.html.
22 Miller v. California, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/413/15/case.html.
23 Roth v. United States and Alberts v. California, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/354/476/case.html.
24 Sedition Act of 1798, available online at: http://www.constitution.org/rf/sedition_1798.htm.
25 Schenck v. United States, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/249/47/case.html.
26 The Smith Act, available online at: http://1stam.umn.edu/main/historic/Smith1940.htm.
27 Terminiello v. City of Chicago, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/337/1/case.html.
28 Tinker v. Des Moines, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/393/503/case.html.
29 Tunis Wortman, A Treatise Concerning Political Inquiry and the Liberty of the Press (New York 1800), portions available online at: http://www.uark.edu/depts/comminfo/cambridge/wortman.html.
30 The Smith Act, available online at: http://1stam.umn.edu/main/historic/Smith1940.htm.
31 Yates v. United States, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/354/298/case.html.
32 Thomas Jefferson, Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom, 1779, available online at: http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/misc/1779-brf.htm.
33 Brandenburg v. Ohio, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/395/444/case.html.
34 Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/315/568/case.html.
35 Madison's Resolution for Amendments to the Constitution, June 8, 1789, available online at: http://www.consource.org/index.asp?bid=582&documentid=9506.
36 Madison's Resolution for Amendments to the Constitution, June 8, 1789, available online at: http://www.consource.org/index.asp?bid=582&documentid=9506.
37 George Washington, ; George Washington to Burges Ball, 25 September 1794, The Writings of George Washington (1891), available online at:= .
38 Tunis Wortman, A Treatise Concerning Political Inquiry and the Liberty of the Press (New York 1800), portions available online at: ; italics added.
39 "Individuals Triumphant," Time, 20 June 1969, available online at: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,844879-2,00.html.
40 Brandenburg v. Ohio, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/395/444/case.html.
41 Espionage Act of 1917, available online at: http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/comm/free_speech/espionageactof1917.html.
42 Schenck v. United States, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/249/47/case.html.
43 Abrams v. United States, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/250/616/case.html.
44 Gitlow v. New York, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/268/652/case.html.
45 Gitlow v. New York, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/268/652/case.html.
46 Bridges v. California, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/314/252/index.html.
47 Terminiello v. City of Chicago, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/337/1/case.html.
48 The Smith Act, available online at: http://1stam.umn.edu/main/historic/Smith1940.htm.
49 Dennis v. United States, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/341/494/case.html.
50 Yates v. United States, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/354/298/case.html.
51 Brandenburg v. Ohio, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/395/444/case.html.
52 Movie day is more fully described in Carl Woodward and Scott Armstrong, The Brethren: Inside the Supreme Court (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1979), 238-240.
53 Tunis Wortman, A Treatise Concerning Political Inquiry and the Liberty of the Press (New York 1800), portions available online at: http://www.uark.edu/depts/comminfo/cambridge/wortman.htm.
54 Winters v. New York, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/333/507/case.html.
55 Roth v. United States and Alberts v. California, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/354/476/case.html.
56 Roth v. United States and Alberts v. California, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/354/476/case.html.
57 Ginzburg v. United States, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/383/463/case.html.
58 Ginzburg v. United States, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/383/463/case.html.
59 Miller v. California, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/413/15/case.html.
60 Stanley v. Georgia, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/394/557/case.html.
61 Tinker v. Des Moines, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/393/503/case.html.
62 Tinker v. Des Moines, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/393/503/case.html.
63 Bethel School District v. Fraser, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/478/675/case.html.
64 Morse v. Frederick, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/551/06-278/.
65 Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/484/260/case.html.
66 Paul Murphy, The Shaping of the First Amendment: 1791 to the Present (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992), 13.
67 Sedition Act of 1798, available online at: http://www.constitution.org/rf/sedition_1798.htm.
68 Tunis Wortman, A Treatise Concerning Political Inquiry and the Liberty of the Press (New York 1800), portions available online at: http://www.uark.edu/depts/comminfo/cambridge/wortman.html.
69 Schenck v. United States, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/249/47/case.html.
70 Abrams v. United States, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/250/616/case.html.
71 Gitlow v. New York, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/268/652/case.html.
72 The Smith Act, available online at: http://1stam.umn.edu/main/historic/Smith1940.htm.
73 Bridges v. California, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/314/252/index.html.
74 Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/315/568/case.html.
75 Terminiello v. City of Chicago, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/337/1/case.html.
76 The Smith Act, available online at: http://1stam.umn.edu/main/historic/Smith1940.htm.
77 Dennis v. United States, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/341/494/case.html.
78 Roth v. United States and Alberts v. California, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/354/476/case.html.
79 Roth v. United States and Alberts v. California, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/354/476/case.html.
80 Ginzburg v. United States, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/383/463/case.html.
81 1 The Smith Act, available online at: http://1stam.umn.edu/main/historic/Smith1940.htm.
82 Yates v. United States, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/354/298/case.html.
83 Brandenburg v. Ohio, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/395/444/case.html.
84 Tinker v. Des Moines, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/393/503/case.html.
85 Miller v. California, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/413/15/case.html.
86 Bethel School District v. Fraser, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/478/675/case.html.
87 Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/484/260/case.html.
88 Tunis Wortman, A Treatise Concerning Political Inquiry and the Liberty of the Press (New York 1800), portions available online at: http://www.uark.edu/depts/comminfo/cambridge/wortman.html.
89 Schenck v. United States, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/249/47/case.html.
90 Gitlow v. New York, Justia: US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/268/652/case.html.
91 Terminiello v. City of Chicago, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/337/1/case.html.
92 Tinker v. Des Moines, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/393/503/case.html.
93 Tinker v. Des Moines, US Supreme Court Center, available online at: http://supreme.justia.com/us/393/503/case.html.
94 "Missouri yields, allows KKK to participate in Adopt-A-Highway program, 2 December 1999, available online at: http://www.freedomforum.org/templates/document.asp?documentID=10320.
95 Spiritual Psychic Science Church of Truth v. City of Azusa, available online at: http://209.85.173.132/search?q=cache:Kz-SNONwHEIJ:jour305.homestead.com/files/spiritual.pdf+spiritual+psychic+science+church+v.+Azusa&cd=2&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us.
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