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Free Speech Images

Truth is a Defense

Andrew Hamilton, the Philadelphia lawyer who defended John Peter Zenger in 1735 and introduced a new defense for seditious libel.

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.

The Supreme Court Justice who authored the clear and present danger test for dangerous speech.


The student banner that led to Morse v. Frederick.

Tinker v. Des Moines

Mary Beth and John Tinker and the armbands that caused a First Amendment controversy.

Samuel Roth

The writer, publisher, and book distributor at the center of Roth v. United States.

Harry Bridges

The contempt citation filed against this San Francisco labor leader was reversed by the Supreme Court using the clear and present danger test.

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