From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
We have changed our privacy policy. In addition, we use cookies on our website for various purposes. By continuing on our website, you consent to our use of cookies. You can learn about our practices by reading our privacy policy.
© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.



by Jonathan Franzen

Freedom Theme of Lies and Deceit

We've got a few equations to suggest here. See what you think about these:

Loyalty + Lies and Deceit = Betrayal
Love + Lies and Deceit = Depression
Freedom + Betrayal = Lies and Deceit

So, what do you say: do those necessarily follow from one another? Certainly not always, but you might not know that from reading Freedom. Most of the lies and deceit in the book are based around adultery, temptation to commit adultery, and, yes, more adultery. What a mess.

Questions About Lies and Deceit

  1. How does Joey justify lying to Connie? Or does he even bother?
  2. Why don't we expect Richard to come clean to Walter, instead of continuing to lie to him about his affair with Patty?
  3. A possible definition of lying is any omission or exaggeration. Seen in this way, is there more or less lying than you thought in Freedom?
  4. Is there any one completely honest relationship in this book?

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...