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Roots of Common Terms in Gene to Protein

(L = Latin, G = Greek, F = French, Ge = German, U = Unknown Origin)

Anticodon

anti = opposite of (G); code = book of laws (L)

Codon

code = book of laws (L)

Exon

ex = to remove, or unload (L)

Helicase

helix = twisted, curved (G); case = to fall or break up (G)

Intron

intron is from intragenic = within genes (?); on = part (G)

Polyadenylation

poly = many adenylations (many adenines)

Post-translational

post = after, translation

Promoter

promote = to advance, move forward (L); er = one who (L)

Repressor

repress = to hold back (L); er = one who (L)

Transcription

trans = to copy or create again (L); scribe = write (L)

Translation

trans = to copy or create again (L); ation = quality or state (G)

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