Where there's power there's politics, and in The Golden Compass there's plenty of both. The book dramatizes the struggle for power and resources among many competing factions: the Oxford scholars, the General Oblation Board, the witches, the gyptians, the bears, Lord Asriel, Mrs. Coulter – even Lyra herself. Each party has its own agenda, motives, and inclinations. Politics becomes a way for certain characters and groups of characters to serve their own interests.
In The Golden Compass, all of the characters involved in politics are prone to immoral behavior.