From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
We have changed our privacy policy. In addition, we use cookies on our website for various purposes. By continuing on our website, you consent to our use of cookies. You can learn about our practices by reading our privacy policy.
© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.


Character Role Analysis


Stephen is a muse, but not really to anyone in the novel. He's really meant to be an inspiration to the reader to take action, to go out there and stop thinking that factory workers are some kind of mass, to realize that they are individuals with feelings and desires, and to make their lives better. His existence as a man of "pure integrity" with sad life and a painful death make him a kind of Christ-figure in the novel, or at the very least, a sacrificial lamb.