Cite a Shmoop Page in 3 Simple Clicks
  1. Go to the Shmoop Web Page that You Want to Cite and Click the "Cite this Page" Button

  2. Choose Your Citation Style

  3. Copy Your Citation to Your Computer's Clipboard. That was easy.

How to Cite Shmoop

Shmoop is a credible academic resource written by educators and experts from America's top universities, including Stanford, Harvard, and UC Berkeley. For more info, see Who Writes Shmoop.

We cite our sources so students can cite Shmoop in their work. If our ideas influence your work, make sure not to plagiarize; always cite Shmoop with pride!


How to Cite Authors

When citing Shmoop as a source, we recommend using "Shmoop Editorial Team" as the author name. Shmoop is a corporate author or publisher. In other words, we don't list individual authors for our learning modules. Many contributors work on each of our learning modules, so we present our content under a unified corporate publisher name. All three citation styles below accommodate corporate publishers, so don't get spooked if you've heard that you're only allowed to cite an article that has an individual author name.


Details on Citing Shmoop. Choose the Style Your Teacher Prefers:


MLA Style (parenthetical notations)

MLA Style requires parenthetical in-line citations in the body of your text, plus a separate Works Cited section at the end. The formatting of parenthetical notes differs significantly from entries in the Works Cited list.

To add Shmoop to your Works Cited list, use this format:

Contributors. "Page Title." Website. Publisher, Date. Web. Date

Accessed.

For example:

Shmoop Editorial Team. "Wealth Theme in The Great Gatsby."

Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008.

Web. 17 July 2009.

To reference Shmoop within the text of your paper, use this format:

"Quote" (Contributors).

For example:

"Poverty, on the other hand, restricts decision and action" (Shmoop

Editorial Team).


APA Style (parenthetical notations)

APA Style requires parenthetical in-line citations in the body of your text, plus a separate References section at the end. Like in MLA style, the formatting of the in-line citations differs significantly from the entries in the References section at the end.

To add Shmoop to your Works Cited list, use this format:

To add Shmoop to your Works Cited list, use this format:

Contributors. "Page Title." Website. Publisher, Date. Web. Date

Accessed.

For example:

Shmoop Editorial Team. "Wealth Theme in The Great Gatsby."

Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008.

Web. 17 July 2009.

To reference Shmoop within the text of your paper, use this format:

"Quote" (Contributors).

For example:

"Poverty, on the other hand, restricts decision and action" (Shmoop

Editorial Team).


APA Style (parenthetical notations)

APA Style requires parenthetical in-line citations in the body of your text, plus a separate References section at the end. Like in MLA style, the formatting of the in-line citations differs significantly from the entries in the References section at the end.

To add Shmoop to your Works Cited list, use this format:

Contributors. (Date Published). Page Title. Retrieved Date, from

URL

For example:

Shmoop Editorial Team. (November 11, 2008). Wealth Theme in

The Great Gatsby. Retrieved July 20, 2009,

from http://www.shmoop.com/great-gatsby/wealth-theme.html

To reference Shmoop within the text of your paper, use this format:

(Contributors, Year Published).

For example:

(Shmoop Editorial Team, 2008).


Chicago Style (footnotes)

Chicago Style requires citations in footnotes (or endnotes) anchored in the body of the text, plus a separate Bibliography section at the end. The formatting of footnotes and Bibliography entries are slightly different.

To add Shmoop to your Works Cited list, use this format:

Contributors. "Page Title." Publisher. Date Published. URL

(Date Accessed).

For example:

Shmoop Editorial Team. "Wealth Theme in The Great Gatsby." Shmoop

University, Inc., 11 November 2008. http://www.shmoop.com/great-

gatsby/wealth-theme.html (accessed July 29, 2009).

Footnote or Endnote

1Contributors, "Page Title," Publisher, Date Published, URL (Date

Accessed).

For example:

1Shmoop Editorial Team, "Wealth Theme in The Great Gatsby," Shmoop

University, Inc., 11 November 2008, http://www.shmoop.com/great-

gatsby/wealth-theme.html (accessed July 29, 2009).



Sources for these Instructions:

"MLA 7- Citing Online Sources." ImagineEasy Solution. 2009.

http://www.easybib.com/reference (accessed July 29, 2009).

"MLA Formatting and Style Guide - The OWL at Purdue." The Writing Lab

and OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. 1 July 2009.

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/557/01/ (accessed July 29,

2009).

"APA Formatting and Style Guide - The OWL at Purdue." The Writing Lab

and OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. 22 July 2009.

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/5>60/01/ (accessed July 29,

2009).

"Chicago-Style Citations Quick Guide." University of Chicago Press. 2007.

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html (accessed

July 29, 2009).

"Chicago Manual of Style - The OWL at Purdue." The Writing Lab and OWL

at Purdue and Purdue University. 21 April 2009.

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/01/ (accessed July 29,

2009).