History of American Journalism
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Penny Press, Penny Paper, Penny PapersThis label was applied to the newspapers which first appeared in the 1830. New technologies allowed or the production of an inexpensive paper (one penny as opposed to six cents) aimed at a more inclusive urban audience.
Partisan Press, Partisan Paper, Partisan PapersThis refers to the political papers, primarily of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries that were affiliated to a particular political party. They were not objective in their news coverage; instead they provided unbalanced reporting in order to advance a particular candidate or political position.