Well, The House of the Scorpion definitely falls in the science fiction genre, so it's no surprise that science plays a major role. But this book isn't about lab work and discoveries. Instead, Farmer explores the ethics of science. What sort of science is okay for people to do? Is it right to clone people just because (in the world of this book) you can? Is it okay to brainwash people into being "eejits"? Ultimately, Farmer seems to argue that people shouldn't do things just because they can. The science in this book about recognizing our limitations, and using morals to guide our use of science and technology.
This novel shows that cloning is wrong, and that science has the potential to be horribly immoral.
Farmer's mixture of scientific advancement and economic depression suggests that science and technology aren't the magical cure-alls. In fact, they can hurt more than they help.