When authors refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.
References to Catholicism
Other Religious and Philosophical References
References to Greek and Roman Mythology
References to Popular Children's Literature and Film
Literary and Philosophical References
- Leonardo da Vinci (1.20)
- The Incas (1.20)
- Versailles (3.64, 7.61)
- The figure of the Candidate and the President is likely a reference to Salvador Allende, elected President of Chile in 1970. (1.20, 5.102, 6.38, 10.73
- Tránsito Soto's place of business, the Christopher Columbus, is named for the European explorer (4.32, 4.45, 10.65, 14.62)
- Spartan, Sparta (5.90)
- Caligula-esque (7.25)
- Louis XV (8.16)
- Mahatma Gandhi (9.23)
- The Founding Father in the portrait in Pedro Tercero's office is most likely Bernardo O'Higgins, a leader in Chile's war of independence from Spain. (12.23)
- Djakarta, now called Jakarta (12.91)
- Marxism (1.20, 12.15)
- Bolshevik (2.73, 5.102)
- Communism (4.99, 5.102)
- The novel contains a myriad of references to Socialism, beginning in Chapter 4 and continuing through the end of the book.
- Fascists (13.73)
Pop Culture References
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