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The House of the Seven Gables
by Nathaniel Hawthorne
Analysis: Allusions When authors refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.
Literary and Philosophical References (1777) (2.15) The New England Primer Chanticleer (rooster name used in medieval tales) (6.5, 6.6, 10.10-11, 10.13, 12.5, 14.35, 21.11) Alexander Pope, " The Rape of the Lock " (8.3) Richard Steele (editor), The Tatler (1709-1711) (8.3) John Dryden, Miscellanies (8.3) (8.3) Rasselas Charles Fourier, French social reformer (10.21, 12.6) Alain-René Lesage, Gil Blas (12.6) John Bunyan, The Pilgrim's Progress ("Giant Despair in pursuit of Christian and Hopeful") (16.34) John Milton, (18.10) Comus Virgil, ("the golden branch, that gained Aeneas and the Sibyl admittance into Hades") (19.1) The Aeneid William Shakespeare, (19.22) Hamlet Historical References Biblical References Mythological References Aeolus, Roman god of the wind (2.13) Midas (3.1, 7.4) Lar, Roman god of the home (7.4) Father Time (8.1) Ixion, mythological Greek king (8.12) Hymettus, a mountain range in ancient Greece known for its honey (10.5) Pop Culture References Edward Greene Malbone, American painter of miniature portraits (2.3, 4.11, 7.21) Jim Crow (2.10, 3.32, 3.35, 3.37) Oak-Hall Store (Boston) (3.3) Animal magnetism (aka hypnotism) (5.58) Mesmerism (a.k.a. hypnotism) (12.5, 17.36) Claude Lorrain, French landscape painter (13.53, 13.63, 13.67) Graham's Magazine (14.4) (14.4) Godey's Lady's Book Moll Pitcher, famous Massachusetts clairvoyant and fortune-teller (18.10) Niccolò Paganini, Italian violinist and composer (19.44)
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