© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.


Influences on

Influenced by

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., was influential in a large range of fields from medicine to poetry to essay writing to 3-D imaging. He invented the first stereoscope and coined the term “anesthesia,” and his writings have influenced American poets, novelists, and essayists for over a century.

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...