The Iceman Cometh
by Eugene O’Neill
When authors refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.
Literary and Philosophical References
- Anarchism. Anarchism gets mentioned throughout the play. Larry, Parritt, and Hugo are former members of the Cause, and Parritt’s mother has been arrested for her involvement. Now, this isn’t anarchy in the punk rock sort of way, this is a deadly violent movement that grew strong in Europe and America in the late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth centuries. You can do a little digging into the Cause with Time’s “A Brief History of Anarchism”.
- Boer Wars. Like Anarchism, the Boer Wars come up throughout the play. Lewis and Wetjoen fought on opposite sides in the Second Boer War. These were two wars fought between the British and the South Africans. The first took place between 1880 and 1881. The second spanned from 1899 to 1902.
- Carmagnole (2,4). A popular song during the French Revolution.
- Cronje (1). Fought on the South African side against the British in the Boer Wars.
- Robespierre (1). Being a good little revolutionary, Hugo gets compared to this major player in the French Revolution.
Pop Culture References
Old Timey Songs
- Elliot Smith, “Sweet Adeline” (2) (4)
- John Walter Bratton, “The Sunshine of Paradise Alley” (4)
- Scottish traditional song, “A Wee Doch and Doris” (4)
- Charles K. Harris, “Break the News to Mother” (4)
- Vesta Victoria, “Waiting at the Church” (4)
- Unknown, “Tammany” (4)
- Albert Chevalier, “Knocked ‘em in the Old Kent Road” (4)
- Irving Berlin, “Everybody’s Doing It” (4)
- Nat Ayer and Seymour Brown, “You Great Big Beautiful Doll” (4)
- Henry Fink and Al Piantadosi, “The Curse of an Aching Heart” (4)
- Lucien Denni and Roger Lewis, “The Oceana Roll” (4)
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