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Roots of Common Terms in Infectious Diseases

Roots

G = Greek, L = Latin

Antibacterial

anti = against (G); bacterion = small staff (G)

Antibiotic

anti = against (G); bio = life (G)

Bacteria

bac = rod-shaped (L)

Bioterrorism

bio = life (G); terror = great fear (L)

Drug Resistance

resistentia = opposition (L)

Epidemic

epi = upon (G); dem = people (G)

Fungi

fungus = a mushroom (L)

Infectious

infectus = to spoil, stain (L)

Latent

lateo = lie hidden(L)

Mortality

mort = death (L)

Mycotic

mykes = fungus(G)

Pandemic

pan = all (G); dem = people (g)

Parasite

Para = beside (G); sitos = food (G)

Pathogenesis

path = hurt (G); gen = birth (G)

Prokaryote

pro = before (G); karyon = nut (G)

Vaccine

vac = empty (L)

Vector

vect = to carry (L)

Virus

virus = poison (L)

Zoonotic

zoion = animal (G); nosos = disease (G)

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