Invisible Man won the National Book Award in 1953.
Ralph Waldo Ellison was named after the famous American Transcendentalist philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson.
Ralph Ellison's father died when Ralph was three years old.
Ralph Ellison's grandparents were slaves.
Ellison served in the marines during World War II.
Invisible Man stayed on the bestseller list for sixteen weeks when it first came out.