by Sir Walter Scott
Ivanhoe Theme of Family
It's not the memories of fighting in the Middle East that cause Ivanhoe most of his heartache; it's his struggles with his dad. The fact that he chooses to fight in the tournament at Ashby under the name "the Disinherited Knight" is proof of how important this is to him.
In fact, for a novel that claims to be about big historical issues, a surprising amount of the plot revolves around personal family problems. Rowena wants to marry Ivanhoe, but Cedric (her guardian) engages her to Athelstane. Cedric blames Ulrica for living on after the deaths of her father and seven brothers, even if it means she can help out the Saxons at Torquilstone. And Richard I (the king of England, for Pete's sake!) has to step in to make things right between Ivanhoe and Cedric. This focus on individual relationships between characters makes the larger historical events operating in the background feel more personal and significant.
Questions About Family
- How does family life influence politics in Ivanhoe? Which of the two ultimately appears more important to the novel's plot?
- Which characters in Ivanhoe appear to have the most problematic family lives? What do these family conflicts teach us about these characters' values?
- There are a lot of relatives in Ivanhoe, including Cedric and Ivanhoe, Rebecca and Isaac, and King Richard and Prince John. What non-family ties bring people together in this book? What communities in Ivanhoe act as alternatives to family life? How do these communities compare to the novel's blood ties?
Chew on This
The Knights Templar and the outlaws of the forest both show more dedication to one another than Cedric shows to Ivanhoe or Prince John to King Richard. By emphasizing the value of personal bonds over blood relationships, Ivanhoe argues that family ties are ultimately less meaningful than attachments of choice.
Rather than being a support network, family in Ivanhoe becomes another obstacle for the heroes of the novel to overcome.