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"Whites Only!"

A familiar relic of the Jim Crow era.

Thomas "Daddy" Rice

The original "Jim Crow" figure was a white minstrel actor who exaggerated black behavior to entertain audiences.

Jim Crow Water Jug

A "colored" water jug situated between Jim Crow bathrooms in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (1939).

Race and a Child's Game

A dart game featuring a caricature of a black child (c. 1900).

Convict Laborers in Texas

Convict laborers working on the construction of the Texas State Capitol, c. 1885.

Chain Gang in Virginia

In Newport News, Virginia, a prison chain gang repairs city streets (1901).

To the "Colored" Balcony

A man ascends a stairwell leading to the "colored" seating area in a Jim Crow movie theater in Natchez, Mississippi (c. 1930).

"For Colored People"

The Rex Theater, a movie house in Leland, Mississippi (1939).

Clune's Broadway Theater

Inside Clune's Broadway Theater in Los Angeles, a 775-seat movie house and the site of the premiere screening of The Birth of a Nation.

"Oppose 'Birth of a Nation'"

A headline from the Cleveland Advocate, 25 September 1915.

Jim Crow Baseball

The Morris Brown College baseball team, a Jim Crow ball club from Atlanta, Georgia (1900).

Bennie Simmons, Killed in 1913

Bennie Simmons, soaked in oil before being set on fire in Anadarko, Oklahoma (1913).

Ida B. Wells-Barnett

Anti-lynching crusader Ida B. Wells-Barnett (c. 1897).

A New York City Protest

Protesters picket a screening of The Birth of a Nation at the Republic Theater in New York City (1947).

A Reminder to the North

From 1936 to 1938, the New York branch of the NAACP displayed this flag to remind the public of the brutal crimes occurring in South.

Booker T. Washington

Booker T. Washington standing speaking before a black audience in Lakeland, Florida (c. 1900).

W.E.B. Du Bois

Historian, writer, and Civil Rights activist W. E. B. Du Bois.

Heading North

A family of southern migrants headed north to Chicago, c. 1919.

Jack Johnson

Jack Johnson, the first African-American Heavyweight Champion of the World.

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