From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
Justice John Marshall Harlan, who was the only justice on the Supreme Court to dissent in the Plessy v. Ferguson case, which legalized segregation, shown between 1865 and 1880. Brady-Handy Collection photograph. Public domain.