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Judicial Branch & Supreme Court

Judicial Branch & Supreme Court

 Table of Contents

Judicial Branch & Supreme Court Images

The Courthouse

The Supreme Court Building.

Chief Justice John Jay

John Jay, the first chief justice of the US Supreme Court.

Chief Justice John Marshall

John Marshall, one of the longest serving and most influential chief justices in Supreme Court history.

Chief Justice Roger B. Taney

Roger B. Taney, chief justice in the years leading up to the Civil War who presided over the controversial Dred Scott v. Sandford case, 1857.

The Chase Court

The Chase Court, which served during the first years of Radical Reconstruction.

Chief Justice Edward D. White

Edward D. White, the son of a slaveholder who served in the Confederate Army during the Civil War; his appointment to the Supreme Court in 1894 was a big surprise to Republicans and Democrats alike.

Chief Justice William Howard Taft

William Howard Taft, to date the only former American president to serve on the Supreme Court.

Justice Hugo Black

Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black, nominated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1937 and one of the most controversial appointees to the Court.

Chief Justice Earl Warren

Earl Warren, chief justice of the Court during one of the most tumultuous periods in 20th century American history.

Justice Thurgood Marshall

Appointed by President Lyndon Johnson in 1967, Thurgood Marshall became the first African American to serve on the Court.

Justice Sandra Day O'Connor

Appointed by President Ronald Reagan in 1981, Sandra Day O'Connor became the first woman to serve on the Court.

Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist

William Rehnquist, a conservative Republican nominated to the Court by President Nixon, surprised many by voting with liberals to protect gay rights and freedom of speech.

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