From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
Chief Justice John Marshall (1801-1835). One of the longest-serving, most influential Supreme Court Chief Justices. Issued the ruling in the Marbury v. Madison case in 1803 that helped establish judicial review. Portrait by Henry Inman, 1832. Public domain.