From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
We have changed our privacy policy. In addition, we use cookies on our website for various purposes. By continuing on our website, you consent to our use of cookies. You can learn about our practices by reading our privacy policy.
© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.



by Robert Louis Stevenson


Character Role Analysis

Ebenezer Balfour of Shaws

Ebenezer Balfour may not appear in Kidnapped for very long, but by arranging to have Davie abducted, he's the cause of all Davie's subsequent adventures. What's more, Davie's main struggle throughout the novel is to find justice against Ebenezer. Davie's storyline with Ebenezer is one of the few plot threads that actually gets tied off by the end of the novel, demonstrating the importance of the Davie-Ebenezer conflict to Kidnapped. Ebenezer is clearly Davie's primary antagonist.