| Quote #1
the great wings beating still
Zeus transforms himself into a swan in order to rape Leda, but he's not any ordinary swan. The "great wings" of the swan represent Zeus's superhuman power. When a mythical person or god changes form to become something else, the term is metamorphosis.
| Quote #2
And how can body, laid in that white rush,
Zeus's transformation is so complete that Leda cannot recognize him: his heart feels "strange" or alien.
| Quote #3
A shudder in the loins engenders there
The crucial point of historical transformation occurs when Zeus impregnates Leda with Helen of Troy. Yeats wants us to pay attention not just to the sexual act as a turning point, but literally to the exact moment of conception, represented by a "shudder" in the swan's loins. He traces a direct historical line from that moment to the destruction of the great ancient city of Troy.