From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
We have changed our privacy policy. In addition, we use cookies on our website for various purposes. By continuing on our website, you consent to our use of cookies. You can learn about our practices by reading our privacy policy.
© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.
Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass


by Frederick Douglass

Analysis: Allusions

When authors refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.

Literary and Philosophical References

  • William Shakespeare, Hamlet (10.25): "rather bear those ills we had, than fly to others, that we knew not of."
  • Richard Sheridan (7.6)
  • John Greenleaf Whittier, "The Farewell of a Virginia Slave Mother to Her Daughters Sold into Southern Bondage" (8.6), "Clerical Oppressors" (appendix.2)

Biblical References

  • Matthew 25:35 (11.14): "I was hungry, and he gave me meat; I was thirsty, and he gave me drink; I was a stranger, and he took me in."
  • Luke 12:47 (9.4): "He that knoweth his master's will, and doeth it not, shall be beaten with many stripes."
  • The Story of Daniel (11.5): "I felt like one who had escaped a den of hungry lions"; (8.5): "I had escaped a worse than lion's jaws."

Historical References

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...