Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass makes a big deal of the fact that his narrative is true, and so do Wendell Phillips and William Lloyd Garrison in their prefaces. They all did this because they knew that people rarely argued in favor of slavery as it actually was; instead, people who were pro-slavery imagined a version of slavery where black people were happy being slaves. Slavery, according to Douglass, was synonymous with deception, so it's no surprise that people like Mr. Covey are master deceivers. But in a way, this makes Douglass's job easier: all he had to do was truthfully describe the things he had seen and experienced as a slave.
Questions About Truth
- What obstacles get in the way of Douglass telling the truth about what has happened to him in his life? What sorts of things can't he talk about?
- How does slavery feed off deception? Why is Mr. Covey, for example, such a master deceiver?
- Why do Douglass, Garrison, and Phillips have so much faith in the power of truth to defeat slavery?
- Why is it important that slaves be able to tell their own stories about slavery? Is that kind of story more true?
Chew on This
Slavery can only exist when people don't know how bad it really is. This is why slave owners tried to prevent Douglass from telling his story.
Slavery can only work when the slaves themselves are tricked into misunderstanding what it really is. This is why slave masters try to prevent slaves from being able to read or learn about freedom any other way.