| Quote #1
She is a Yankee. Her folks come down here in the Reconstruction, to stir up the niggers. Two of them got killed doing it. They say she is still mixed up with niggers. Visits them when they are sick, like they was white. Wont have a cook because it would have to be a nigger cook. Folks say she claims that niggers are the same as white folks. That's why folks don't never go out there. (2.55)
Joanna Burdens progressive views on race make her an outcast in Jefferson. Her views also identify her with "Yankee" culture even though she's lived in the South, in Jefferson, her entire life.
| Quote #2
He watched his body grow white out of the darkness like a Kodak print emerging from the liquid. (5.10)
Joe Christmas is consistently described in black and white terms, highlighting the ambiguity of his racial identity but also the strangeness of his physical appearance.
| Quote #3
His face was gaunt, the flesh a level dead parchment color. (2.9)
Christmas's whiteness gets highlighted here, in order to show how he successfully "passes" as white.