To quote U2 again (we happily will), "If you need someone to blame/ throw a rock in the air/ you might hit someone guilty." In Little Bee, everybody, even four-year-old Charlie, is awash in guilt and blame. The novel looks at the guilt that survivors feel when their loved ones are lost, and how such guilt can be transformed into something positive, something that tries to right wrongs in the world. An example of this is Sarah and Little Bee's commitment to finishing the book about the plight of refugees, which Andrew began before his suicide.
Little Bee's author, Chris Cleave, takes direct aim at oil companies, calling them out on atrocities committed in the thirst for oil. He also critiques institutions that process asylum seekers and people trying to immigrate. Cleave even points his finger at us, ordinary citizens, asking us to consider if our attitudes toward asylum seekers and other immigrants are just.