The Man He Killed
by Thomas Hardy
The Man He Killed Theme of Society and Class
You might think that on the battlefield, everyone's an equal. After all, everyone's equally likely to kick the bucket, right? Well, maybe not. After all, the speaker of "The Man He Killed" is an enlisted infantryman, which means that on the battlefield, he was on the front lines, taking orders from someone way in the back. And in all likelihood, the fact that he was an enlisted infantryman probably stems from the fact that he wasn't the richest of dudes on the home front. So it turns out that, like everything else in life, the battlefield isn't always an even playing field.
Questions About Society and Class
- How is the speaker made to sound and act like a working-class Englishman? Does Hardy pull that off?
- While the speaker knows that he himself is working class, why does he assume that the other man is, too? What does that tell us about our speaker?
- How is enlistment representative of his choice or lack of choice in the course of events?
Chew on This
The real lesson of this poem is not that war is Hell, but that war is Hell for the lower classes.
The fact that this guy may have joined up because he was unemployed tells us that it's the lower classes that suffer most in war.