by Elizabeth Bishop
The Man-Moth Theme of Fear
Elizabeth Bishop takes a no-bones-about-it approach to the fear in "The Man-Moth." She doesn't hide the fear under metaphors, she just comes right out and tells us—multiple times—that the Man-Moth is scared. Of course, there are two options when you're scared: you can run away, or you can face your fears. Neither choice makes the fear go away, but which way we go does say an awful lot about our title character.
Questions About Fear
- How would the Man-Moth's life be different if he weren't so afraid?
- Where do you think the fear comes from? Is it a logical, concrete fear, or is it more abstract?
- How do you think the Man-Moth's environment influences his fear?
- Do you think the Man-Moth is the type of guy to benefit from a support group? Would it just turn into social hour for him, or would it actually help him deal with his fear?
Chew on This
The Man-Moth's fear is less about the dangers involved in what he must do to reach his goal, and more about what he's going to do with himself once he succeeds. He isn't afraid of failure, he's actually afraid of success. Woah.
Fear is the driving force behind the Man-Moth's existence. He is so used to being in a constant state of anxiety that, if his current fears were completely alleviated, he'd just find something else to worry about. Chill out, man (-moth).