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The Martian Chronicles
by Ray Bradbury
Analysis: Allusions When authors refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.
Literary and Philosophical References
The Ben Jonson poem " To Celia " (1616), ("Ylla," 48) The Lord Byron poem " She Walks in Beauty," ("The Summer Night," 6) The Mother Hubbard nursery rhyme, ("The Summer Night," 17) The Lord Byron poem " We'll Go No More A-Roving" (1817), ("—And the Moon Be Still as Bright," 103, 109) The Wizard of Oz, ("Interim," 1) "Usher II" is stuffed full of literary references, including writers like Edgar Allan Poe, H. P. Lovecraft, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Ambrose Bierce (30); many characters from The Wizard of Oz books, including Glinda, Ozma, Polychrome, and Jack Pumpkinhead; and many figures from fairy tales, such as Snow White, Rumpelstiltskin, and Sleeping Beauty; and also figures from . Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass "Usher II" also references Sinclair Lewis's realistic novel , about a conformist (56). Babbitt "Usher II" also references three great horror movie actors, Lon Chaney, Sr., Boris Karloff, and Bela Lugosi (96). "Usher II" also references a lot of Edgar Allan Poe stories: the seven rooms of the house are based on " The Masque of the Red Death" (123); the beating heart is from " The Tell-Tale Heart" (123); the murderous ape stuffing a body up a chimney is from " The Murders in the Rue Morgue" (150); the deadly pendulum is from " The Pit and the Pendulum" (162); the premature burial is from " Premature Burial" (173); and the death of Garrett is from " The Cask of Amontillado"(187). Sam Parkhill mangles Emma Lazarus's " The New Colossus" (the poem on the Statue of Liberty) ("The Off Season," 172). The Sara Teasdale poem " There Will Come Soft Rains" ("There Will Come Soft Rains," 43) Historical References
Pop Culture References
"The Third Expedition"
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