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Dalton Trumbo (1905-1976) was a screenwriter and novelist, the writer of dozens of Hollywood screenplays, including Spartacus, Exodus, and Roman Holiday.

Trumbo, a member of the Communist Party USA and perhaps the most famous of the Hollywood Ten, was charged with contempt of Congress and blacklisted from the motion picture industry after refusing to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee in 1947. Even after being blacklisted, Trumbo continued to author screenplays surreptitiously under pseudonyms; in 1960, he broke the blacklist by receiving credit, in his own name, for Spartacus.

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