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The Monkey's Paw

The Monkey's Paw

by W.W. Jacobs

Analysis: Plot Analysis

Most good stories start with a fundamental list of ingredients: the initial situation, conflict, complication, climax, suspense, denouement, and conclusion. Great writers sometimes shake up the recipe and add some spice.

Initial Situation

A happy family, an isolated cottage, and a mysterious visitor...

When we first meet the Whites, they are basically happy people, though maybe a tad lonely and isolated. On a dark and stormy night, they get a visitor, Sergeant-Major Morris. He gets drunk, tells them about his adventures in foreign lands, and shows them a monkey's paw from India with the power to grant three wishes.

Conflict

To wish or not to wish?

Morris warns the Whites that the paw was specifically designed to hurt the people who wish on it. He has wished on it himself but isn't sure if he would do it again. Since the paw couldn't possibly really have magical powers, what harm would there be in wishing on it, just for fun?

Complication

Now that the wish is made, will it come true?

Well, Mr. White does make a wish, for two hundred pounds, the amount of money needed to pay off the family home. This proves to be a complication after the climax, which happens next. Now the Whites will never be sure whether what happens in the climax is a result of the wish or not. If the wish had never been made, it would probably be a little easier for them to deal with the climax.

Climax

Herbert is in a fatal accident.

The very next day, Herbert is killed in an accident at the factory where he works. To compensate the Whites for his death, Herbert's employers give them two hundred pounds, the exact amount Mr. White wished for.

Suspense

Will Herbert come back to life? Is wishing for that even a good idea?

When Mrs. White begs Mr. White to wish Herbert back to life, we're pretty sure he's going to do it. But when it seems that the mangled, undead Herbert is actually at the door, there's a lot of suspense over whether Mr. White will go against his wife and do what he wants. Ultimately his fear of undead Herbert wins over his fear of his wife.

Denouement

Mr. White uses his third and final wish.

This part is a little frustrating. Mr. White does wish, though we aren't told precisely what he wishes for. All we know is that the banging on the door stops. The implication is that Mr. White wished Herbert back to death.

Conclusion

Mr. and Mrs. White walk outside.

In case you were thinking maybe somebody besides undead Herbert was at the door, the concluding lines suggest it was probably him. Remember, the Whites live in an isolated area and only have one neighbor. When they walk outside after the knocking stops, the area is completely quiet and empty....

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