© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.

Nathaniel Hawthorne Primary Sources

Historical documents. What clues can you gather about Nathaniel Hawthorne, the time, place, players, and culture?

The Scarlet Letter

Text of the novel.

Scarlet Letter Review

An 1886 essay in The Atlantic on the book by Hawthorne's son Julian.

Marble Faun Review

An 1860 review of The Marble Faun by Hawthorne's friend James Russell Lowell.

Melville's Letters to Hawthorne

Correspondence between the two writers and friends.

Chiefly About War Matters, by a Peaceable Man

Hawthorne's 1862 essay in The Atlantic Monthly.

Custom House Notebooks

Hawthorne's diary from his days at the Boston Custom House.

English Notebooks

Passages of Hawthorne's diary during his stay in England.

The Solitude of Nathaniel Hawthorne

A 1901 essay on Hawthorne in The Atlantic Monthly.

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...