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Native American History Statistics

By the Numbers

Number of Cherokees marched to present-day Oklahoma on the Trail of Tears: 16,000
Number of Cherokees who died on the Trail of Tears: 4,000
Total number of Indians removed or scheduled for removal during Andrew Jackson's presidency: 90,0006

Estimated total land held by the Creeks under the 1790 Treaty of New York: 80,000 square miles
Total land held by all Native Americans on reservations in 1908: 81,270 square miles7

In 1800, estimated Native American population of what would become the continental United States: 600,0004
In 1900, Native American population of the continental United States: 248,2535

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